What is Dyslexia?
Hannah Explains Dyslexia
An Introduction to Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a neurological condition within the structures of the brain. It affects the way the brain processes written and spoken language. Students with dyslexia have a weakness in the area of the brain called the phonological processor. This is where the brain learns to combine sounds to letters and letters into words. Since the brain of a student with dyslexia is weak in this area, the student needs to be taught these letter/sound correspondences directly. The student also needs direct instruction in how to blend those sounds together and how to break those same sounds apart. In order to make meaningful progress with the task of reading, a student who is dyslexic needs to be taught to read using a structured literacy approach sometimes referred to as Orton-Gillingham instruction.
Structured literacy lessons deliver the critical components that a student with dyslexia needs in order to learn to read. A student is taught specific reading and spelling skills in explicit, sequential, multisensory lessons. Each lesson is structured to include sound/letter correspondences, phonics skills, word parts (prefixes, suffixes, and bases), spelling rules, and fluency skills.
Dyslexia therapy teaches students to process the sounds letters and patterns of language. We provide dyslexia therapy using Orton-Gillingham/structured literacy based lessons to teach students with dyslexia how to read.